Climate change

World headed on a catastrophic hot climate future of 2.7C warming, UN warns

The world is headed towards a catastrophic hot climate future of 2.7C warming by the end of the century unless drastic measures are made to cut greenhouse emissions, the UN warned on Friday.

According to the UN climate agency report released on Friday, warming of 2.7C is foreseeable. This is way above the acceptable upper limit of 1.5C warming agreed in the Paris Climate Accord.

The warning was based on the most recent action plans submitted by 191 countries to curb greenhouse gas emissions. The analysis warned of 16 percent of greenhouse gas emissions.

The U.N. report said that it had received 86 new plans-Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) by the end of July although many nations had still not stepped forward with new road maps. 

Patricia Espinosa, executive secretary of U.N. Climate Change, called the numbers “sobering.” In a news conference Friday marking the release of the report, she said, “It is not enough, what we have on the table.”

“The 16 percent increase is a huge cause of concern,” she said. “It is in sharp contrast with the calls by science for rapid, sustained and large-scale emission reductions to prevent the most severe climate consequences and suffering, especially of the most vulnerable, throughout the world.”

The world’s biggest emitters, such as China, India, and Turkey, have yet to formally commit to a 2030 emissions reduction target.

 The UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned the world is on a “catastrophic pathway” in terms of global warming.

“Failure to meet this goal will be measured in the massive loss of lives and livelihoods.”

The UN Climate Secretariat said “nations should submit a more ambitious” plan if they wanted to prevent global temperatures from rising above 1.5C by the end of the century.

The planet has already heated by 1.2C compared with pre-industrial times.

A 45 percent cut in emissions by 2030 is necessary to reach carbon neutrality by mid-century.

“The fight against climate change will only succeed if everyone comes together to promote more ambition, more cooperation, and more credibility,” Guterres said.

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