Sustainable Development has become a fundamental strategy in modern society to guide the world’s social, economic, and environmental transformation.
It has gone through periods of development –before the 1972 period, (1972-1987) and from the (1987-present) period.
The 1972 United Nations Conference on Human and environment recognized the development policies primarily focusing on economic growth posed a great danger to the environment. The summit urged all the nations to integrate and strengthen environmental management policies while developing their economies.

The concept was popularized during the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED, 1987) after the realization that economic prosperity alone without environmental integration into development policies was not sustainable.

The concept was clearly defined during the Earth Summit, 2000 during which the Millennium Development Goals were identified focus being the elimination of extreme poverty. This gave birth to the SD Goals adopted in 2015 as the 2030 global agenda to transform the world.

This Development concept has gradually been implemented into global action from the initial fuzzy concept to the present-day practical application.
The goal of Sustainable Development evolves from perusing the single goal of sustainable use of natural/ environmental resources to the seven Millennium Development Goals ((MDGs, 2000); adopted to end indignity poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, and environmental degradation among others) and the SD Goals (SDGs, 2015) which has a coordinated economic, social and environmental development.

Therefore, Sustainable Development as a concept was defined as the development process that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.
Sustainability is therefore the foundation for a modern-day global framework for international cooperation to achieving the 2030 global Agenda for Sustainable Development and its goals.
It accepts the concept of strong sustainability and culture, life support ecosystems, and good governance are the most important factors in promoting Sustainability.

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