Environment Science and Technology

Kenya through GivePower installs a solar plant to transform ocean water into drinking water

Kenya through GivePower installed its first solar plant to transform ocean water into safe drinking water. The solar power plant turns salty ocean water into clean and sustainable drinking water using a filtrating system that desalinates the brackish liquid to produce clean drinking water. 

GivePower built the solar water farm in a small village; Kiunga, located on the Kenyan coast. Its proximity to the coast of the Indian Ocean makes it an ideal location for GivePower’s solar farm initiative. 

The initiative supplies water to 35,000 people every day.

Water should not be a luxury product. However, in this modern era, one out of nine people does not have access to clean drinking water. According to the World Health Organization, there are still 2.2 billion people around the world who do not have access to safe drinking water and 4.2 billion can’t access safely managed sanitation services.

Globally, only around 4% percent of Earth’s water sources are rivers, lakes, and drinkable water. The rest is found in oceans with salty water unsafe for domestic use. But luckily, new technology is shaping things around the world with now new technologies adopted in the water industry.

Give Power, a nono profit organization is now adopting the technology to fight for access to clean water. Its main aim is to install solar power technology that can help the communities facing water scarcity. 

They installed a solar-powered desalination system at the Kenyan coast to provide water to 35 000 people per day (around 70 thousand liters).

The system transforms ocean water into safe drinkable water. 

The desalination systems are powered by solar energy. They are housed in 20-foot shipping containers. They are capable of producing 50 kilowatts of energy and power two water pumps, transforming 75,000 litres of seawater into clean, drinkable water every day.

In the process of desalination, salt and minerals are separated from the water through a membrane. But because liquid goes through an osmotic process in which its natural state is to have equal amounts of water, minerals, and salt on each side of the membrane, a lot of energy is required to stabilize it. 

Also, post-processing requires chemicals to be added to the water for desalination to happen. But Give Power, found a solution to all this through their solar water farms, using solar panels, Tesla batteries, and water pumps. 

The technology is eco-friendly as the final product does not produce saline residues that pollute the environment. 

“Humanity needs to take swift action to address the increasingly severe global water crisis that faces the developing world, with our background in off-grid clean energy, GivePower can immediately help by deploying solar water farm solutions to save lives in areas throughout the world that suffer from prolonged water scarcity,” said Hayes Barnard, Founder and President of GivePower.

The Non-Profit organization has deployed more than 2,650 solar-powered energy systems to schools, medical clinics, and villages in 17 developing countries and is currently researching four additional locations to deploy its solar water farm technology. 

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The Earth losing its cryosphere by 87,000 square kilometers per year

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