Climate change

Carbon-cutting pledges by countries are way below from Paris accord targets , U.N. says

The recent pledges in Paris climate accord by countries to cut greenhouse gas emissions are far short of what to limit global warming and therefore countries needed should put much effort to arrest the situation, United Nations report finds.

The majority of countries especially top carbon emitters such as China, United States, and India didn’t beat the December deadline for submission of the official emission-cutting targets for climate negotiations in Scotland. The world’s pledges are so far only enough to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions to less than 1% by 2030.

The world has to cut carbon emission 45% below 2010 levels to achieve a more stringent official Paris goal of limiting future global warming to another half a degree (0.3degrees Celsius) from now, U.N officials said.

The U.N. climate chief Patricia Espinosa retorted that the situation is very far from where needed to be, and therefore what countries need to put on the table is much more radical and more transformative than what countries have been doing until now

U.N. Secretary–General Antonio Guterres called the report an alarming alert to the planet.

U.N. officials appreciated more than 120 countries, inclusive of the United States and China that have made longer-term goals of net-zero carbon emissions by mid-century. The United Nations. secretary-general, Antonio Guterres added that the same nations must take action and translate long-term talk into the immediate actions that people and the planet Earth are so desperately in need of.

The Paris climate accord, 2015 had the countries around the world submit voluntary targets for the greenhouse gases they would spew by the year 2025 and provide their updates every 5years.

With the corona pandemic delayed climate negotiations scheduled for this year 2021 in Glasgow, nations are required to submit updated and tougher goals for 2030. The United States, which is the second-biggest carbon emitter promises its goal of cutting the emissions will be announced before the Earth Day summit in April 2021.

Less than half of the world’s nations, which accounts for 30% of the world’s carbon emissions, submitted targets by the set deadline. Only seven of the 15 carbon polluting nations had done so.

After a drastic decrease in carbon pollution in early 2020 because of the corona pandemic lockdown, initial data shows that near the end of the year emissions were back up to 2019 levels, said Corine Lequere- emissions tracker at the University of East Anglia.

At least 10 countries that submitted goals last year, 2020 didn’t provide tougher goals and should even countries that already gave targets need to go back and do better because “we are simply out of time” said Espinosa. 

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