Environment

Billions of world population risk being without access to water and sanitation services by 2030; UN

Billions of the world population risk being without access to water and sanitation services by the year 2030, the UN said on Thursday. Without an urgent injection of cash, the global population will remain to be at risk, without lifesaving access to safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene services.

The study report made it clear that if current trends persist, by 2030 billions of children and families would be left without life-saving WASH services. 

The report notes that still, only 81 percent of the world population would have access to safe drinking water at home, leaving 1.6 billion without; just 67 percent would have safe sanitation services, leaving 2.8 billion in the lurch; and only 78 percent would have basic handwashing facilities, leaving 1.9 billion adrift. 

The WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus stressed that “Investment in water, sanitation, and hygiene must be a global priority if we are to end this pandemic and build more resilient health systems”. 

The latest data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) reveals that three in 10 people worldwide could not wash their hands with soap and water at home during the COVID-19 pandemic. 

“Handwashing is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and other infectious diseases, yet millions of people across the world lack access to a reliable, safe supply of water”, said Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. 

The Joint Monitoring Programme report, Progress on household drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene 2000 – 2020, did, however, offer good news on universal access to water, sanitation, and hygiene services (or WASH for short). 

The data showed that between 2016 and 2020, access to safely managed drinking water at home, increased from 70 to 74 percent; sanitation services went from 47 to 54 percent, and handwashing facilities with soap and water rose from 67 to 71 percent. 

And rather than sewer connections, last year for the first time, more people used pit latrines, septic tanks, and other improved on-site sanitation to effectively contain and treat waste.  

“Despite our impressive progress to date, to scale-up, these lifesaving services, the alarming and growing needs continue to outstrip our ability to respond”, said UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore. 

To maintain progress, the two UN agencies underscored the need for governments to adequately support safely managed on-site sanitation, including faecal sludge. 

The report also noted vast inequalities with vulnerable children and families suffering the most among the world population.  

At the current rate of progress, for least developed countries (LDCs) to access safely managed to drink water by 2030, the study spelled out that there would need to be a ten-fold increase. 

“Even before the pandemic, millions of children and families were suffering without clean water, safe sanitation, and a place to wash their hands”, said the UNICEF chief. “The time has come to dramatically accelerate our efforts to provide every child and family with the most basic needs for their health and well-being, including fighting off infectious diseases like COVID-19.” 

The report also for the first time presented emerging national data on menstrual health. In many countries, it showed a significant proportion of women and girls are unable to meet their menstrual health needs. 

And disparities are significant among vulnerable groups, such as the poor and those with disabilities.

Also read,

UN report calls for better management of world’s oceans

Africa to reach net-zero targets by a decade earlier with level access to climate finance

Confronting water security challenge in drylands

Investment in water infrastructure crucial as 2.2 billion people lack assess to safe water and sanitation globally, UNICEF

World marks World Water Day as 2.2 billion people lack safe water and sanitation facilities

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